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“Moscow has ears everywhere!”: From Pasternak's Death to Olga's and Irina's Arrests

Pages 35 - 121


Using hitherto unpublished archival correspondence, the article reconstructs some crucial events that took place in 1960 and ended with the arrests, in August 1960, of Olga Ivinskaya, Pasternak's companion and literary assistant, and of her daughter, Irina Emelianova, in September of the same year. Many of these events rotate around a document that came to be known as “Pasternak's will”, in reality a power of attorney, that Pasternak had signed on April 15, 1960 on behalf of Olga Ivinskaya. The document was entrusted to Giuseppe Garritano and his wife for safe delivery to Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, Pasternak's publisher in Italy, but disappeared in mysterious circumstances in June 1960. The reconstruction shows, among other things, how Olga Ivinskaya tried to restore the document using a blank sheet of paper with Pasternak's signature on it and that the original had been intercepted by the KGB.

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1 Afiani and Tomilina 2001: V. I. Afiani, N. G. Tomilina (eds.). A za mnoiu shum pogoni: Boris Pasternak i vlast': dokumenty 1956–1972 [But the hunters are gaining ground: Boris Pasternak and the regime: documents, 1956–1972.]. Moscow.

2 Barnes 1998: Christopher Barnes, Boris Pasternak: A Literary Biography. Vol. 2: 1928–1960. Cambridge.

3 Conquest 1961: Robert Conquest, The fate of Olga Ivinskaya, Encounter, September 1961, 86–92 [Also in French as: Robert Conquest, Le sort d'Olga Ivinskaya, Preuves, 126, August 1961, 66–74.]

4 Conquest 1961: Robert Conquest, Courage of Genius: The Pasternak Affair. London.

5 Dalos 1999: György Dalos, Olga. Pasternaks letzte Liebe. Hamburg.

6 D'Angelo 1961: Sergio d'Angelo, Olga è innocente, Vita, 11 maggio 1961, 7–15 (anche Paris Jour, 7 mai 1961 and Sunday Telegraph, 7 May 1961).

7 D'Angelo 1961: Sergio d'Angelo, Giallo a Mosca, Vita, 18 maggio 1961, 33–41.

8 D'Angelo 1961: Sergio d'Angelo, D'Angelo a Surkov: “Fuori le prove!”, Vita, 3 agosto 1961, 20–21.

9 D'Angelo 1968: Sergio d'Angelo, Der Fall Pasternak – Zehn Jahre danach, Osteuropa, 7, 489–501.

10 D'Angelo 2006: Sergio d'Angelo, Il caso Pasternak Milano (Translated into Russian as Delo Pasternaka: vospominaniia ochevidtsa. Moscow 2007. The book can be downloaded in English or Russian from d'Angelo's website

11 Dossier 1994: Le Dossier de l'Affaire Pasternak, Archives du Comité Central et du Politburo. Préface de Jacqueline de Proyart. Paris.

12 Emelianova 1997: Irina Emelianova. Legendy Potapovskogo pereulka: B. Pasternak, A. Efron, V. Shalamov: vospominaniia i pis'ma [Legends of Potapov Alley: B. Pasternak, A. Efron, V. Shalamov: recollections and letters.] Moscow (French translation in Emelianova 2002).

13 Emelianova 2002: Irina Emelianova, Légendes de la rue Potapov. Paris.

14 Emelianova 2004: Irina Emelianova (ed.), Ariadna Efron. Zhizn' est' zhivotnoe polosatoe. Pis'ma 1955–1975. [Ariadna Efron. Life is a Striped Animal. Letters 1955–1975.] Moscow.

15 Emelianova 2005: Irina Emelianova, Pasternak i Ivinskaya: provoda pod tokom. [Pasternak and Ivinskaya: Electrified Wires.] Moscow.

16 Feltrinelli 1999: Carlo Feltrinelli, Senior Service. Milano (Translated into English, with a few cuts, as: Senior Service. London 2001. The American edition, published in 2001 by Harcourt, cuts several additional important parts of the book).

17 Finn and Couvée 2014: Peter Finn and Petra Couvée, The Zhivago Affair. New York.

18 Ivinskaya 1978: Olga Ivinskaya, A Captive of Time. New York.

19 Ivinskaya and Emelianova 2007: Olga Ivinskaya and Irina Emelianova, Gody s Pasternakom i bez nego. [Years With Pasternak and Without Him.] Moscow.

20 Kosachevskii 1988: Viktor Kosachevskii, Posleslovie k romany, iz zapisok advokata, Moskva, 22, 139–147.

21 Mancosu 2013: Paolo Mancosu, Inside the Zhivago Storm: The Editorial Adventures of Pasternak's Masterpiece. Milano.

22 Mancosu 2016: Paolo Mancosu, Zhivago's Secret Journey: From Typescript to Book. Stanford.

23 Mancosu and Borokhov 2017: Paolo Mancosu and Paul Borokhov, Sergio d'Angelo correspondence with Boris Pasternak and Olga Ivinskaya. In: Lazar Fleishman (ed.), Novoe o Pasternakach [New studies on Pasternak.] Moscow, 218 – 309.

24 Mancosu 2018: Paolo Mancosu, “We need to help the Russians save face”: The Ivinskaya affair in the West, Russian Literature (forthcoming).

25 Mansurov 2009: Boris Mansurov, Lara moego romana. Boris Pasternak i Ol'ga Ivinskaya. Moscow.

26 Nivat 2007: Georges Nivat, Vivre en russe. Lausanne.

27 Pasternak 2016: Anna Pasternak, Lara. London.

28 Pasternak 1994: Boris Pasternak, Lettres à mes amies françaises. 1956–1960. Introduction et notes de Jacqueline de Proyart. Paris.

29 Pasternak 2004: Boris Pasternak, Pis'ma k roditeliam i sestram 1907–1960 [Letters to his parents and sisters 1907–1960.] Moscow.

30 Pasternak 2005: Boris Pasternak, Pis'ma 1954–1960. [Letters 1954–1960.] In: Boris Pasternak, Polnoe sobranie sochineniĭ [Complete Works.] Vol. 10. Moscow.

31 Pasternak 2010a: Boris Pasternak – Kurt Wolff. Im Meer der Hingabe. Hrsg. von Evgenij Pasternak und Elena Pasternak unter Mitarbeit von Fedor Poljakov. Mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Ruge. Frankfurt am Main (Russian Culture in Europe, 6).

32 Pasternak 2010b: Boris Pasternak, Family Correspondence 1921–1960. Stanford.

33 Pasternak 2017: Elena Vladimirovna Pasternak, Perekhvachennye pis'ma. In: Lazar Fleishman (ed.), Novoe o Pasternakach [New studies on Pasternak.] Moscow, 197–217.

34 Schewe 1974: Heinz Schewe, Pasternak Privat. Hamburg.


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